Skip to main content

Eastern Fine Pulp and Paper Company

Identifier: MF155

Scope and Contents

Pauleena MacDougall, then Associate Director of the Maine Folklife Center, and Amy Stevens, then graduate student in history, conducted a series of oral history interviews and collecting photographs and documents relating to the history and culture of Eastern Fine Paper in Brewer, Maine. The mill closed in January, 2003 after operating as a paper and/or lumber mill for more than a century.


  • Creation: December 2004-August 2007


Conditions Governing Access

For digitized items free from access restrictions, we are working to upload this material (pdfs, mp3s, jpgs) for public access, but it is an ongoing project. If you don’t find what you are looking for here, contact Special Collections (

Conditions Governing Use

Rights assessment remains the responsibility of the researcher. No known restrictions on material.


9 boxes

49 items (digital)

1 folio folder

Language of Materials



Series 1
Artifacts: Artifacts (objects rather than print material or other documentation)
Box 1
Inventory of Arthur Verow’s donation of Arthur Tilley’s materials (na3747) which have been distributed throughout this collection. Piece of metal with six holes in it. Plaque about watercolors by Byron Levy. ?Template for Atlantic Memo Bond. Green hardboard with cut-out in middle reading “Merchant’s Name”. Braided strands of fiber. Piece of mesh. Mesh screen in wooden frame. Black metal sign. Piece of wood to which Mount Hope Roll is mounted. Yellow plastic advertisement for Atlantic Bond. Two paper scales in black plastic cases, with instructions for use. Eastern Fine Paper Calculator. Piece of metal labeled No. 2 Paper Machine, Dec. 10, 1972, Dryer No. 25, Bangor. Paper samples. 5 folders with a selection of each type donated kept.

Series 2
Photos (1/3): Photographs and related material
Box 2
Blue 3-ring binder containing unlabeled photos. Green EFP 3-ring binder containing unlabeled photos. Brown 3-ring binder #1 containing photos; paper in front identifies them from EFP Testimonial dinner, 1984 and 1985. Brown 3-ring binder #2 containing photos; program in front identifies them from EFP Testimonial dinner, 1990. Grey ring binder containing labeled photos 1000-10164 from Eastern Fine Historic Photo Collection.

Series 2
Photos (2/3)
Box 3
Photographs P11080-11125 duplicates from album No. 10. Photos are labeled with numbers in P series.

Series 2
Photos (3/3)
Box 4 (oversized)
Red envelope containing 6 slides and negatives. Red envelope containing photos of Edythe Campbell banquet plus negatives. Red envelope containing photos of Edythe Campbell banquet. Red envelope containing negatives. Envelop is labeled “EFP business trip p#12672-12675 negatives”. Grey folder labeled “36 photos”. White envelope containing labels originally affixed to items in the photo “database”. Photo in plastic sleeve with accompanying paper label reading “MIT school 2 Eastern chemical engineering”. Manila envelope containing photocopies of two labeled photos corresponding to photos in “Of Paper and People” [See Box 6]. Photocopied photo of man in bow tie. Mounted photo of coed group. Color photo of people in Walk America shirts. Mounted photo of group of women

Series 3
Memorabilia and Records (1/2): print material of various kinds relating to Eastern Fine Paper
Box 5
Red guest book, EFP 75 Anniversary celebration, 1964. Mottled notebook labeled “Record of Organization of E.M. Co. and By-Laws of E.M. Co. Bound green ledger labeled “Eastern Mfg. Co. (Mass.) Directors No. 3”. Bound green ledger labeled “Eastern Mfg. Co. (Mass.) Directors No. 4”. Blue booklet entitled “Of Paper and People”. 3 zip disks. Clear box containing 4 diskettes. Videocassette labeled “BHS/WABI Collection Eastern Fine Paper Anniversary, Northeast Historic Film. Atlantic Ledger. v. A, iss. 1-4, 1984. v. B., iss. 1-6, 1985. v. C, iss. 1-3, 1986. Paper Talks, 1985. Red folder labeled “EFP donations”. BDN March 5, 1968 [Mill shutdown]. The Weekly Feb. 27, 2003 [Article on Frank Franklin]. EFP calendars, 1983-2002 [Except for 2001 these are photocopies]. Booklet: “The manufacture of pulp and paper”. EFP Handbook for Merchant Salesmen, 2nd edition. Mimeographed booklet: “Methods and principles of paper making by James M. Wishart”.

Series 3
Memorabilia and Records (2/2)
Box 6
White 3-ring binder labeled “EFP, Inc. Paper and Coated Divisions” TOC in front of volume indicates this contains information on electrical and mechanical equipment. Red 3-ring binder labeled “ Price and Information Book” containing price lists 1961-1966. Blue 3-ring binder labeled “Mill Blueprint Inventory Lists”. Orange ACCO binder labeled “Greater Bangor-Brewer Development Corporation, EDA [Economic Development Administration] Loan Application, Brewer, Maine Mill, A. [Arthur] Tillley” containing documentation of a plan (c. 1970) to sell off surplus equipment and reinvest the proceeds in the business, in order to save money and improve operations. Green 3-ring binder labeled “Atlantic Manifest Certificate” containing paper machine production summaries from 1988, with 1986 at rear of volume. Orange 3-ring binder labeled” Price and information book” containing 1967-68 prices.

Series 4
Pauleena MacDougall Research (1/2): Materials from researcher Pauleena MacDougall
Box 7
This box contains labeled folders relating to Pauleena’s research on EFP (IRB Application, Interview Questions, EFP Exhibit Planning, Notes and Emails, etc).

Series 4
Pauleena MacDougall Research (2/2)
Box 8
Correspondence from John Lyons. E-mail correspondence between Pauleena and Charles Francis. Photocopies of articles about Lincoln and Old Town. Photocopy of booklet “From Trees to Tribunes” plus explanatory e-mails. Folder labeled “Agricultural-Industrial Transition in New England”. Yellow folder labeled “Brewer City Hall Project”. Miscellaneous prints from newspaper microfilm. Manila folder labeled “Article: Paper aking in Maine: Economic Trends”. Green folder labeled “Article: Deindustrialization: causes and implications”. Manila folder: NEA grant material, including vol 12 issue 2 of the MFC newsletter, “Mill Town: An Oral History or a Maine Mill Town” (DVD), and Maine Humanities Council grant application and report. White folder: Article by James Acheson and Juliana Acheson, “Maine land: Private property and hunting commons” and article by James Acheson, “Maine: On the cusp of the forest transition.” Green folder labeled “Sean McKee’s work”: E-mails from Kelley “khd”. Tape cassette: Rodney Pease on the history of Eastern MFC So. Brewer Maine and Orrington - The docks and mills at So. Brewer. EFP contact lists (Excel printouts). Printout: Eastern Fine Paper Recognition Evening, Year 2000- Women. From Broke to Finish: A History of the Eastern Fine Paper Mill, 1889-2004 by Amy Stevens, thesis DVD “The Writing on the Wall: Oral Histories of Eastern Fine Paper Company Workers” V324 2 DVDs prepared by Brewer Middle School students “Mill Town” V325

Series 5
Oversized materials
Folio 1 36-B-7-drawer 8 MF155 Eastern Fine
1) Samples of “map and print pres. folder 10 pk” removed from a box hand labeled “Eastern Fine Paper Supplies” though the samples have a stickers on them “University Products: The Archival Company” from Holyoke, MA. The whole pack was kept and it is still in it’s plastic wrapping. 2) Mounted photographs of three machines (frame removed). 3) Long photograph of paper mill labeled “Smith Photo Co./Bangor Me” on front and “10000 duplicate” on back. The paper samples were removed from Series 1 and the photos were removed from Series 2.

Series 6
Digital Material
Box 9
Data photo CDs and DVDs, DVDs, interview CDs and DVDs, 8 zip discs with copies of photos and photo database.

Existence and Location of Originals

Some of the items are located at the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress: AFC 2012/047

Related Materials

Raymond H. Fogler Library Special Collections, Eastern Corporation Records (SpC MS 1487).

Materials Specific Details

Audio files are the primary source material. Transcriptions are the transcriber's best effort to convert audio to text, but should be considered secondary to the audio.

Collection Note

This collection consists of a series of interviews conducted between 2004 and 2006 as part of a project funded by the Maine Humanities Council, “The Writing on the Wall: Oral Histories of Eastern Fine Paper Company Workers”; a Women in the Curriculum grant “from the Women in the Curriculum program at UM to interview women in the pulp and paper industry; and a grant from the Save Our History program of the Maine History Channel (A&E Television) that involved middle school students in the Brewer schools conducting their own interviews. The project resulted in a 2008 master’s thesis in history by Amy L. Stevens “From Broke to Finish: A History of the Eastern Fine Paper Mill, 1889 – 2004”; a web site on Women in Pulp and Paper:; a DVD “The Writing on the Wall: Oral Histories of Eastern Fine Paper Company Workers” V324; and a second DVD prepared by Brewer Middle School students “Mill Town” V325. In addition, we collected approximately 3,000 photographs. Documents collected as part of this project are housed in Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University of Maine, Orono.

Guide to Eastern Fine Pulp and Paper Company
In Progress
Amy Dias
May 2018
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Northeast Archives of Folklore and Oral History Repository

5729 Raymond H. Fogler Library
University of Maine
Orono ME 04469-5729 United States