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Clayton Cleaves, interviewed by David Slagger


Scope and Contents

From the Collection:

This is an arbitrary collection of accessions created in June 2014 containing interviews that focus on hunting, trapping, poaching, and recreational fishing. There are 123 series in NAFOH that relate to the topic, but 18 belong solely to this collection.


  • 1959-2008

Conditions Governing Access

For digitized items free from access restrictions, we are working to upload this material (pdfs, mp3s, jpgs) for public access but it is an ongoing project. If you don’t find what you are looking for here, contact Special Collections (


From the Collection: 18 items

Language of Materials

From the Collection: English


3692 Clayton Cleaves, interviewed by David Slagger, March 15, 2011. Cleaves, Sakom of Pleasant Point Reservation, Passamaquoddy, talks about the 1980 Maine Indian Land Claims Settlement Act: his use of the term Sakom instead of Governor; his early education; move to Massachusetts and work as cab driver and welder; his return to Maine and work for the New England Telephone Company; graduation from UMaine; appointed Director Pleasant Point Housing Authority from 1974 to 1981; 1978 became state representative to the Maine legislature; describes the environment of the tribal people on the Maine reservations prior to 1980; misinterpretation of the Settlement Act; gambling and casinos; Native American Rights Fund needs to look at the Settlement Act; tribes to be treated like municipalities; right to self-determination; sovereign rights; porpoise hunting and crossing the United States/Canada border to test sovereign rights; tribal members reside on trust land which is the responsibility of the Federal Government, not the State of Maine; tribes need to exercise their sovereignty by becoming independent and developing economic resources; Tribal Governors Incorporated; his agenda is Native American rather than just Passamaquoddy Pleasant Point; want to bring together all the tribes in strategy sessions; development of tribal number plate for vehicles; use of the belief in the power of the eagle feather when he was director of Health Care Services; Implementing Act needs to be revisited by the Department of the Interior influenced by tribal chiefs, tribal Sakoms, and the Native American Rights Fund; Indian land cannot be sold without the consent of Congress. Text: 16 pp. transcript. RESTRICTED. Recordings: mfc_na3692_cd2225_01 - mfc_na3692_cd2225_08 40 minutes

Restricted Content

As of February 3, 2021, Fogler Library Special Collections will refrain from publicly posting all Wabanaki related materials in the Northeast Archives of Folklore and Oral History collection until we have input from the Penobscot Nation, based on the Memorandum of Understanding Between the Penobscot Nation and the University of Maine System, University of Maine (Orono).

Repository Details

Part of the Northeast Archives of Folklore and Oral History Repository

5729 Raymond H. Fogler Library
University of Maine
Orono ME 04469-5729 United States