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Faculty Records (University of Maine). Howard (Michael) Papers

 Record Group
Identifier: UA RG 0011-062

Scope and Contents

The records mainly contain textual information created and curated by educator Michael Howard during his tenure as a professor of philosophy at the University of Maine.

The record series CIA & NSA Recruitment Records contains details of a University of Maine Faculty Senate resolution to ban the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) from recruiting on the Orono campus. Includes meeting material, reference material, publicity material, and correspondence regarding student and faculty activism around the topic, with the CIA regarding its recruitment policies, and details of the committee charged with organizing educational events, compiling documents on the CIA, and issuing a report on its findings. There is also correspondence and reference material regarding the National Security Agency (NSA) recruitment visit to the University of Maine Orono campus in 1986.

The record series Miscellaneous Records contains copies of University of Maine research and teaching publications, a copy of an unpublished manuscript by Melvin Burke, who was a professor of economics at the University of Maine, material on the poet and author Mitchell Goodman including correspondence and copies of reviews of Goodman's work, and a diary and notebook from Robert F. Treadwell, who was a professor of philosophy at the University of Maine. There is also miscellenous correspondence, meeting material, and notes regarding the University of Maine Department of Philosophy and also details of a visit to the University of Maine by Bernie Sanders.

The record series Cuba, Nuclear Freeze & Peace Records contains publications related to American-Cuban relations, items regarding the work of the Maine Peace Action Committee, Maine Freeze campaign, and American Friends Service Committee, editorials authored by Professor Howard, various clippings regarding nuclear warfare, details of efforts for a public hearing for an "Act to Amend the Nuclear Issues Clearinghouse Law" in the state of Maine (1985), and curriculum material for courses on nuclear warfare. There is also material regarding a conference on nuclear war held at the University of Maine in 1982.

The record series ROTC Expansion Records contains details of a University of Maine Faculty Senate debate on ROTC expansion on campus. The material also includes Maine Campus exchanges on the subject and reference material on ROTC and its policies. 


  • Creation: 1955-2001
  • Creation: Majority of material found within 1984-1991


Conditions Governing Access

Kept at Fogler Library's offsite storage facility. One week's notice required for retrieval.

Conditions Governing Use

Information on literary rights available in the repository.

Biographical / Historical

The majority of the material in this record group relates to the work of the Council of Colleges appointed (1989) Ad-hoc Committee on the CIA and University Recruiting Policy, which Professor Michael Howard chaired. Opposition to the recruitment of students on the Orono campus by the Central Intelligence Agency stemmed from concerns at the CIA's recruitment policies which were viewed by critics of the CIA as discriminatory and also the CIA's overseas operations, as part of U.S. foreign abroad (particularly in Central America), and its impact domestically.

A series of lectures and public forums were held on the Orono campus to educate the campus community and promote dialogue, including a discussion involving member of the University of Maine community (September 27, 1989), the debate "Social Responsibility, Free Speech, and the Law: The CIA and the University" which featured Louis Menand III and Chip Berlet (October 19, 1989) and was supported by funding from the Maine Humanities Council, lecture from CIA critic John Stockwell "The Secret Wars of the CIA'' (November 1, 1989), and an representative from the CIA Michael Turner (November 29, 1989). Finally, on January 24, 1990, there was an open forum on the CIA for members of the University of Maine community to attend. The events were sponsored by many University of Maine units, including: the Office of the President, Vice President for Academic Affairs, Vice President for Research and Public Service, the Honors Center, and the Maine Peace Action Committee. The Haymarket People's Fund also helped support the lecture by John Stockwell.

The Committee also produced a report of its findings and recommendations amongst which was to bar the CIA from recruiting on campus. Subsequent resolutions brought to the Faculty Senate to ban the CIA from recruiting at the University of Maine were defeated in a February 28, 1990, vote. However, both the Faculty and Student Senates did recommend policies condemning covert recruitment on campus. In May 1990, the Faculty Senate also accepted proposals that would require, upon request, outside recruiters to schedule a public forum to discuss the recruiting organization's policies and practices; that members of the University of Maine community should report any relationships they have as recruiters for the CIA; that the Careers Center should exercise leadership to expand and enhance opportunities for students to consider a broader range of ethical issues and personal values in their career planning; and that all employers seeking to recruit on campus and any university units that host recruiters should comply with the University of Maine's non-discrimination policies.

Other subjects covered by the material in this record group are opposition to a visit to the University of Maine by the National Security Agency in 1986 and additional ROTC programs on the Orono campus (1990-1991). Professor Howard led opposition on the grounds of the ROTC discriminating against students based on their sexual orientation and conflicting with the University of Maine's policy on nondiscrimination. And the Nuclear Freeze movement in the United States during the 1980s to secure an agreement between the U.S. and Soviet governments to halt the testing, production, and deployment of nuclear weapons and which Professor Howard was a member of (1982-1985). Professor Howard led the Nuclear War Discussion Project at the University of Maine, which was funded by grants from the Maine Humanities Council, and consisted of 40 programs in 8 cities in Maine (1983-1984). Professor Howard also led efforts for a public hearing for an "Act to Amend the Nuclear Issues Clearinghouse Law" in the state of Maine (1985).

There is also a folder in the record group featuring letters from writer, teacher, and antiwar activist Mitchell Goodman who resided in Temple, Maine in the 1980s and a notebook and diary written by Robert F. Threadwell, who was a professor of philosophy at the University of Maine.

Professor Howard came to the University of Maine in 1981 as an assistant professor and would later chair the Philosophy Department from 1993-1998 and 2008-2009. Among the books authored by Professor Howard are Self-Management and the Crisis of Socialism (2000) and Socialism (2001). Professor Howard has been involved with various peace and justice organizations, such as the Maine Peace Action Committee Peace and Justice Center of Eastern Maine, seeking non-military solutions to conflict. Professor Howard retired from the University of Maine in August 2022.


2 boxes

Language of Materials



The Records Group is broken down intellectually into the following record series: 1. CIA & NSA Recruitment Records, 2. Miscellaneous Records, 3. Cuba, Nuclear Freeze & Peace Records, and 4. ROTC Expansion Records.

Physically the records are arranged by subject.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Transferred to Special Collections by Professor of Philosophy Michael Howard on July 15 & 26, 2022 as Accession 2022-0715.


The processing archivist appraised the records and disposed of duplicate copies of items.

University of Maine. Howard (Michael) Papers
Matthew Revitt
August 16, 2022
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
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Repository Details

Part of the Raymond H. Fogler Library University Archives Repository

5729 Raymond H. Fogler Library
University of Maine
Orono ME 04469-5729 United States